|Title: STUDY ON THE IMPACTS OF GRASSLAND ECOLOGICAL COMPENSATION POLICY IN CHINA FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF PASTORALISTS’ BEHAVIOR
Since 2011, the Grassland Ecological Compensation Policy (GEC) had been implemented in 13 provinces (districts) across China. This policy reduced the livestock number carried by grassland, relieved grassland degradation, and restored and consolidated grassland ecosystem services by controlling livestock carrying capacity and granting subsidies to herders to improve their income. This study analyzed the behavioral choices of pastoralists under the GEC policy and the impacts on grassland ecology and pastoralists’ livelihoods through a case study in northwest of China. Further, based on the individual endowment effect and reference dependence effect in behavioral economics theory, the mechanism of the GEC policy affecting pastoralists’ behavior was discussed. At last, we provided some suggestions to improve the design of the GEC policy in the future.
|Keywords: Grassland Ecological Compensation Policy, Pastoralists’ behavior, Grassland degradation.